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JAPAN'S MODERN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM

CHAPTER 1  EDUCATION DURING THE LATE EDO AND EARLY MEIJI PERIODS

1 Education at the End of the Shogunate

2 The Educational Policy of the New Meiji Government

CHAPTER 2  THE FORMATION OF THE MODERN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM

1 The Establishment of the Department of Education

2 The Proclamation of the Education System Order

3 Education during the Period of the Education System Order

(1) The Enforcement of the Education System Order

(2) Elementary Education

(3) Middle Level Education

(4) Higher Education

(5) Teacher Training

4 The Establishment of the Education Orders

(1) The Establishment of the 1879 Education Order

(3) The 1880 Education Order

5 Education during the Period of the Education Orders

(1) The Enforcement of the 1879 Education Order

(2) The Revival of Traditional Thought and Changes in Educational Policy

(3) Elementary Education

(4) Middle Level Education

(5) Higher Education

CHAPTER 3  THE ESTABLISHMENT AND CONSOLIDATION OF THE MODERN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM

1 The Educational Policy of Education Minister Mori Arinori and the Promulgation of the Various School Orders

(1) The Educational Policy of Education Minister Mori Arinori

2 The Development of Elementary Education

(1) The Promulgation of the 1886, 1890 and 1900 Elementary School Orders

(2) The Advancement of Compulsory Education and the Upturn in the Attendance Rate

3 The Meiji Constitution and the Imperial Rescript on Education

4 The Development of Middle Level Education

(1) The Promulgation of the 1886 and 1899 Middle School Orders and Their Revisions

(2) The Promulgation of the Girls' High School Order

5 The Development of Higher Education

(1) The Establishment of the Imperial University

(2) From Higher Middle Schools to Higher Schools

(3) The Systematization and Expansion of Specialized Education

6 Teachers and the Development of Teacher Training

(1) Normal School System

7 The Systematization of Industrial Education

(1) The Development of the Industrial Education System

8 The Question of Education System Reform

9 Curriculums and Textbooks

CHAPTER 4  THE EXPANSION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM

1 An Outline of Educational Policy during and after World War I

2 Reforms in Elementary Education

3 Reforms in Middle Level Education

4 Expansion and Reform in Higher Education

5 Reforms in the Teacher Training System

6 Reforms in Vocational Education

7 The Development of Special Education

8 The Promotion of Social Education

9 Educational Administration and Finance

CHAPTER 5  WARTIME EDUCATION

1 The 1937 Education Council and Educational Reforms

2 Education in National Schools and Pupil Evacuation

3 Middle Level Education

4 The Reorganization of Higher Education

5 Special Education

6 Social Education

7 Educational Administration and Finance

CHAPTER 6  EDUCATIONAL REFORMS DURING THE OCCUPATION PERIOD

1 The Character of Postwar Education

2 Basic Policies for the "New Education"

3  The Establishment of the New Educational System

CHAPTER 7  THE CONSOLIDATION OF THE NEW EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM

1 Educational Development after the End of the Occupation

2 The Consolidation of the Six-Three Compulsory Education System

3 Revisions of the Courses of Study and the Development of Teaching Method

4 The Expansion and Diversification of the Upper Secondary Schools

5 The Improvement of Textbooks

6 The Development of Higher Education

7 The Promotion of Private Schools

8 Teacher Training

9 The Development of Social Education

10 The Development of Physical Education, School Health, and School Lunch Programs

11 Educational Administration and Finance

CHAPTER 8  THE ADMINISTRATION OF SCIENTIFICAND CULTURAL AFFAIRS

1 The Development of Science and the Administration of Scientific Affairs

2 The Promotion of Culture and the Administration of Cultural Affairs

3 The Administration of Religious Affairs

4 International Exchange in the Fields of Science and Culture

(3) The Development of International Exchange in Scientific and Cultural Affairs in the Postwar Period

CHART INDEX

APPENDIXES

APPENDIXES

STATUTES(1868-1971)

CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF EVENTS

CHARTS

STATISTICS

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((C)COPYRIGHT Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology)

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