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Annual Report on the Promotion of Science and Technology 2001

Information of The Publication
Part 1: Creativity of Japan's Science and Technology
Chapter 1 Achievement of Japan's Science and Technology and Its Standard
Section 1 Research Achievement of the World
Section 2 Quantity and Quality of Research Achievement
1. Quantitative Standard
2. Quality Standard
Section 3 Overall Standard
Section 4 Level of Fields and Technologies in Which Social Effects are Expected
Chapter 2 Current State and Issue of Japan's Science and Technology
Section 1 Human Recourses for Science and Technology
1. Education of Science and Engineering at Universities
2. Fostering and Securing Engineers Who Shoulder Japan's Technological Innovations
3. Recruiting Doctorate and Elevating Researcher's Mind-set
4. Expanding Opportunities for Female Researchers
5. The Issue of Utilizing Foreign Researchers and Engineers
6. Improving Mobility of Researchers
7. Improvement in Treatment of Young Researchers
Section 2 Research Environment and Research Funds
1. Research Environment
2. Management of Research Funds
Section 3 Research Infrastructure
1. Research Facilities and Equipment
2. Research Supporters and Research Supporting Services
3. Intellectual Infrastructure
4. Research Information Infrastructure
Section 4 Evaluation of Researches
1. Japan's Approaches
2. Issues of Evaluation System
3. Examination Structure on Competitive Funds
Section 5 Network Among Industry, Academic and Government
1. Relation among Industry, Academic and Government: Link between Science and Technology
2. Industry to Use Research Achievement of Universities
3. Industry's Awareness of Universities, etc.
Section 6 Public Understanding of Science and Technology
1. Youth and Science and Technology
2. Public Interest in Science and Technology
Fig. 1 Trend of Patents Applied in Selected Countries
Fig. 2 Selected Countries' Shares of Citations (Percentage)
Fig. 3 Nationality-based Comparison of Granted Patents in Selected Countries (1998)
Fig. 4 Country-based Comparison of Number of Granted Patent in Selected Countries (1998)
Fig. 5 Trend of Governed Index of Science and Technology of Selected Countries
Fig. 6 Factor-based Contribution to Science and Technology Overall Indicators
Fig. 7 Comparison of Japan's R&D Level with Euro-American Countries
Fig. 8 International Comparison of Technological Capability
Fig. 9 Trend of People Who Obtained Doctorate in Each Country Science and Technology
Fig. 10 Negative factors in recruiting those who have completed doctor courses and individuals of postdoctoral.
Fig. 11 Evaluation of Those Who Have Completed Doctor Courses, and the Postdoctorals (Responses from businesses that have experience in recruitment during the past 3 years)
Fig. 12 Percentage of Female Researchers by Research Sector
Fig. 13 Number of Experienced Institutes, by age bracket
Table 14 Japanese Nobel Laureates (in natural science), Reasons for the Award and Ages When Winners Produced Achievements
Fig. 15 Reasons for Need of Competitive Funds and Its Usefulness
Fig. 16 Trend of Japan's Competitive Research Funds (Initial Budget for Each Year)
Fig. 17 Measures for Improving Evaluation Systems
Table 18 International Comparison of Evaluation Structure on Competitive Funds
Fig. 19 Trend of Number of Papers Co-authored with Universities and its Ratio at Private Sectors
Fig. 20 Science Linkage in Selected Countries Concerning U.S. Patents
Fig. 21 Trend of Establishing Spin-off Businesses in Each Country
Table 22 The State of Establishing Spin-off Businesses in Each Country
Fig. 23 The Interest of Elementary, Junior High, and Senior High School Students in Science and Technology, "Does sciences interest you?"
Fig. 24 International Comparison about the 21st Century Dreams of Junior and Senior High Schools
Fig. 25 Comparison Index of the Interest, in Science and Technology, of People of OECD Member Countries

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