Possibilities and Options for a Future Society Expanded by Science and Technology
(Provisional Translation)

2020 White Paper on Science and Technology



Part Ⅰ Possibilities and Options for a Future Society Expanded by Science and Technology


Research and Development on COVID-19

Chapter 1 Prediction of the Future Through Science and Technologyy

Section 1  About the Prediction of the Future

  1. 1.History of Prediction Initiatives
  2. 2.Prediction Methods

Section 2 Public and Private Sector Prediction Initiatives in Japan and Abroad

  1. 1.Government Initiatives in Japan
  2. 2.European Commission and Private Sector Initiatives
  3. 3.Summary

Chapter 2 Looking Toward the Future in 2040:A Future Society Expanded by Science and Technology (Society 5.0)

Section 1  About the S&T Foresight Survey

  1. 1.Background and Overall Structure of the Survey
  2. 2.Details of the Survey

Section 2 Image of Society in 2040

Chapter 3 Research and Development for the Future Society

Section 1  Government's Legislation and Planning Efforts for the Future Society

  1. 1.Amendment of the Basic Act on Science and Technology, Etc.
  2. 2.Promotion of Science and Technology Policies from a Long-term Perspective Based on the Science and Technology Basic Plan

Section 2  Drawing Up a Vision for a Future Society, and Research and Development and Other Efforts to Achieve It

  1. 1.Moonshot Research and Development Program
  2. 2.Center of Innovation (COI) Program
  3. 3.Miraikan
  4. 4.2025 World Exposition in Osaka, Kansai, Japan
  5. 5.Smart City

Section 3 Initiatives for Solving Problems through Science and Technology

  1. 1.Environmental and Energy Technologies Toward the Creation of a Hydrogen Society
  2. 2.Automated Driving Technology
  3. 3.Video, Audio, and Streaming Technology with a Sense of Presence
  4. 4.Promotion of Multilingual Speech Translation Technology

Special Contribution

Part Ⅱ Measures Implemented to Promote Science and Technology

Chapter 1 Development of Science and Technology

Section 1 The Science and Technology Basic Plan

Section 2 Council for Science, Technology and Innovation

  1. 1.Major Endeavors of the CSTI in FY2019
  2. 2.Strategic Prioritization in the Science and Technology -related Budget
  3. 3.R&D Evaluation of Projects of National Importance
  4. 4.Major Deliberations at Expert Panels

Section 3 Integrated Innovation Strategy

Section 4 Administrative Structure and Budget for Science, Technology and Innovation Policies

  1. 1.Administrative Structure for Science, Technology and Innovation Policies
  2. 2.Science and Technology Budgets

Chapter 2 Acting to Create New Value for the Development of Future Industry and Social Transformation

Section 1 Fostering R&D and Human Resources that Boldly Challenge the Future

Section 2 Realizing “Society 5.0”

  1. 1.Vision of Society 5.0
  2. 2.Undertakings necessary for the realization

Section 3 Enhancing Competitiveness and Consolidating Fundamental Technologies in Society 5.0

  1. 1.Efforts necessary for enhancement of competitiveness
  2. 2.Strategic strengthening of infrastructure technology

Chapter 3 Addressing Economic and Social Challenges

Section 1 Sustainable Growth and Self-sustaining Regional Development

  1. 1.Ensuring stable energy, resources, and food
  2. 2.Achieving a sustainable society to handle hyper-aging, depopulation, etc.
  3. 3.Improving competitiveness in manufacturing and value creation

Section 2 Ensure Safety and Security for Our Nation and its Citizens and a High-quality, Prosperous Way of Life

  1. 1.Addressing natural disaster
  2. 2.Ensuring food safety, living environments, and occupational health
  3. 3.Ensuring Cybersecurity
  4. 4.Addressing national security issues

Section 3 Addressing Global Challenges and Contributing to Global Development

  1. 1.Addressing global climate change
  2. 2.Responding to biodiversity loss

Section 4 Pioneering Strategically Important Frontiers

  1. 1.The promotion of oceanographic R&D
  2. 2.Promotion of R&D in space science

Chapter 4 Reinforcing the Fundamental Capability for STI

Section 1 Developing High-quality Human Resources

  1. 1.Developing, securing and improving career prospects of human resources as intellectual professionals
  2. 2.Promoting diversity and career mobility

Section 2 Promoting Excellence in Knowledge Creation

  1. 1.Promoting academic and basic research as a source of innovation
  2. 2.Strategic enhancement of common-platform technology, facilities, equipment, and information infrastructure supporting research and development activity
  3. 3.Promotion of open science

Section 3 Strengthening Funding Reform

  1. 1.Fundamental funds reform
  2. 2.Reform of public funds
  3. 3.Integrated promotion of the national university reform and the research funding reform

Chapter 5 Establishing a Systemic Virtuous Cycle of Human Resources, Knowledge and Capital for Innovation

Section 1 Enhancing Mechanisms for Promoting Open-innovation

  1. 1.Enhancing systems of promotion in companies, universities, and public research institutes
  2. 2.Inducing a virtuous cycle of human resources for innovation creation
  3. 3.Creating “spaces for co-creation” to concentrate human resources, knowledge, and capital

Section 2 Enhancing the Creation of SMEs and Startup Companies to Tackle New Business Opportunities

  1. 1.Cultivating an entrepreneurial mentality
  2. 2.Promoting the creation of startup companies at universities
  3. 3.Creating environments conducive to new business
  4. 4.Helping initial demand and endorsing the trustworthiness of new products and services

Section 3 Strategic Use of International Intellectual Property and Standardization

  1. 1.Promoting use of IP assets in innovation creation
  2. 2.Accelerating strategic international standardization and enhancing related support systems

Section 4 Reviewing and Improving the Regulatory Environment for Innovation

  1. 1.Reviewing systems in accordance to new products, services, and business models
  2. 2.Improving IP systems in response to the tremendous development in ICT

Section 5 Developing Innovation Systems that Contribute to “Regional Revitalization”

  1. 1.Revitalizing regional companies
  2. 2.Driving innovation systems that make use of local characteristics
  3. 3.Promoting policies that encourage local initiative

Section 6 Cultivating Opportunities for Generating Innovation in Anticipation of Global Needs

  1. 1.Promoting R&D that anticipates global needs
  2. 2.Developing systems to promote inclusive innovation

Chapter 6 Deepening the Relationship between STI and Society

Section 1 Promoting Co-creative STI

  1. 1.Dialogue and collaboration with stakeholders
  2. 2.Stakeholder initiatives for co-creation
  3. 3.Scientific advice for policymaking
  4. 4.Ethical, legal, and social initiatives

Section 2 Ensuring Research Integrity

Chapter 7 Enhancing the Capacity to Promote Science, Technology and Innovation

Section 1 Reforming Universities and Enhancing their Function

  1. 1.University Reform

    Section 2 Reforming National R&D Agencies and Enhancing their Function

    1. 1.R&D Agency Reforms

    Section 3 Strategic International Implementation of STI Policies

    1. 1.Utilization of international frameworks
    2. 2.Utilization of international organizations
    3. 3.Utilization of research institutions
    4. 4.Promotion of Strategic International Activities Related to Science Technology Innovation
    5. 5.Cooperation with Other Countries

    Section 4 Pursuing Effective STI Policies and Enhancing the Chief Controller Function

    1. 1.Following up the Basic Plan
    2. 2.National Guideline on the Method of Evaluation for Government R&D
    3. 3.Promoting Policies Supported by Objective Evidence
    4. 4.Strengthening the Leadership Functions of the CSTI

    Section 5 Ensuring R&D Investment for the Future

    Scientific and Technological Achievements Which Contribute to Daily Life

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(Planning and Evaluation Division Science and Technology Policy Bureau)