Accelerating Open Innovation ‐Toward Sustainable Innovation Co-created by Industry, Academia, and Government(Provisional Translation)

 White Paper on Science and Technology 2017

Feature 2016 Nobel Prize Winner and Japan’s Efforts to Promote Academic and Basic Research

  1. 1.Summary of Professor Ohsumi’s Prize-Winning Research
  2. 2.Research and Development Environment That Facilitated Groundbreaking Academic and Basic Research
  3. 3.Efforts of the Government to Strengthen Japan’s Basic Science Capability

Part Ⅰ Accelerating Open Innovation— Toward Sustainable Innovation Co-created by Industry, Academia, and Government

Chapter 1 Why Do We Need Open Innovation Now?

Section 1 What is Open Innovation?

  1. 1.Innovation in Transition and Key Players
  2. 2.The Limitations of Self-sufficiency (Closed Innovation)
  3. 3.What is Open Innovation?
  4. 4.Examples of Open Innovation

Section 2 Current Status of Open Innovation

  1. 1.Changes in the Economic and Social Background and Roles Required of Universities and R&D Agencies That Have Increased the Need for Open Innovation
  2. 2.Domestic and International Trends in Open Innovation
  3. 3.Problems Concerning Open Innovation in Japan

Chapter 2 To Accelerate Open Innovation

Section 1 Issues and Future Direction Concerning Open Innovation

  1. 1.Promoting cooperation of full-scale industry-academia-government collaboration among organizations
  2. 2.Promoting creation and development of startups
  3. 3.Personnel for promoting open innovation

Section 2 Discussions in the Government and Role of Each Sector

  1. 1.How to remove obstacles to open innovation
  2. 2.Institutional reforms required from the government
  3. 3.Actions that universities and R&D agencies should take
  4. 4.Actions that the industrial sector is expected to take

Part Ⅱ Measures Implemented to Promote Science and Technology

Chapter 1 Development of Science and Technology

Section 1 The Science and Technology Basic Plan

Section 2 Council for Science, Technology and Innovation

  1. 1.Major Endevors of the CSTI in FY2016
  2. 2.Strategic Prioritization in the Science and Technology -related Budget
  3. 3.R&D Evaluation of Projects of National Importance
  4. 4.Major Deliberations at Expert Panels

Section 3 Comprehensive Strategy on Science, Technology and Innovation

Section 4 Administrative Structure and Budget for Science, Technology and Innovation Policies

  1. 1.Administrative Structure for Science, Technology and Innovation Policies
  2. 2.Science and Technology Budgets

Chapter 2 Acting to Create New Value for the Development of Future Industry and Social Transformation

Section 1 Fostering R&D and Human Resources that Boldly Chall:enge the Future

Section 2 Realizing “Society 5.0”

  1. 1.Vision of Society 5.0
  2. 2.Undertakings necessary for the realization

Section 3 Enhancing Competitiveness and Consolidating Fundamental Technologies in Society 5.0

  1. 1.Efforts necessary for enhancement of competitiveness
  2. 2.Strategic strengthening of infrastructure technology

Chapter 3 Addressing Economic and Social Challenges

Section 1 Sustainable Growth and Self-sustaining Regional Development

  1. 1.Ensuring stable energy, resources, and food
  2. 2.Achieving a sustainable society to handle hyper-aging, depopulation, etc.
  3. 3.Improving competitiveness in manufacturing and value creation

Section 2 Ensure Safety and Security for Our Nation and its Citizens and a High-quality, Prosperous Way of Life

  1. 1.Addressing natural disaster
  2. 2.Ensuring food safety, living environments, and occupational health
  3. 3.Ensuring Cybersecurity
  4. 4.Addressing national security issues

Section 3 Addressing Global Challenges and Contributing to Global Development

  1. 1.Addressing global climate change
  2. 2.Responding to biodiversity loss

Section 4 Pioneering Strategically Important Frontiers

  1. 1.The promotion of oceanographic R&D
  2. 2.Promotion of R&D in space science

Chapter 4 Reinforcing the “Fundamentals” for STI

Section 1 Developing High-quality Human Resources

  1. 1.Developing, securing and improving career prospects of human resources as intellectual professionals
  2. 2.Promoting diversity and career mobility

Section 2 Promoting Excellence in Knowledge Creation

  1. 1.Promoting academic and basic research as a source of innovation
  2. 2.Strategic enhancement of common-platform technology, facilities, equipment, and information infrastructure supporting research and development activity
  3. 3.Promotion of open science

Section 3 Strengthening Funding Reform

  1. 1.Fundamental funds reform
  2. 2.Reform of public funds
  3. 3.Integrated promotion of the national university reform and the research funding reform

Chapter 5 Establishing a Systemic Virtuous Cycle of Human Resources, Knowledge and Capital for Innovation

Section 1 Enhancing Mechanisms for Promoting Open-innovation

  1. 1.Enhancing systems of promotion in companies, universities, and public research institutes
  2. 2.Inducing a virtuous cycle of human resources for innovation creation
  3. 3.Creating “spaces for co-creation” to concentrate human resources, knowledge, and capital

Section 2 Enhancing the Creation of SMEs and Startup Companies to Tackle New Business Opportunities

  1. 1.Cultivating an entrepreneurial mentality
  2. 2.Promoting the creation of startup companies at universities
  3. 3.Creating environments conducive to new business
  4. 4.Helping initial demand and endorsing the trustworthiness of new products and services

Section 3 Strategic Use of International Intellectual Property and Standardization

  1. 1.Promoting use of IP assets in innovation creation
  2. 2.Accelerating strategic international standardization and enhancing related support system

Section 4 Reviewing and Improving the Regulatory Environment for Innovation

  1. 1.Reviewing systems in accordance to new products, services, and business models
  2. 2.Improving IP systems in response to the tremendous development in ICT

Section 5 Developing Innovation Systems that Contribute to “Regional Revitalization”

  1. 1.Revitalizing regional companies
  2. 2.Driving innovation systems that make use of local characteristics
  3. 3.Promoting policies that encourage local initiative

Section 6 Cultivating Opportunities for Generating Innovation in Anticipation of Global Needs

  1. 1.Promoting R&D that anticipates global needs
  2. 2.Developing systems to promote inclusive innovation

Chapter 6 Deepening the Relationship between STI and Society

Section 1 Promoting Co-creative STI

  1. 1.Dialogue and collaboration with stakeholders
  2. 2.Stakeholder initiatives for co-creation
  3. 3.Scientific advice for policymaking
  4. 4.Ethical, legal, and social initiatives

Section 2 Ensuring Research Integrity

Chapter 7 Enhancing the Capacity to Promote Scientific and Technological Innovation

Section 1 Reforming Universities and Enhancing their Function

 University Reform

Section 2 Reforming National R&D Agencies and Enhancing their Function

 National R&D Agency Reforms

Section 3 Strategic International Implementation of STI Policies

  1. 1.Utilization of international frameworks
  2. 2.Utilization of international organizations
  3. 3.Utilization of research institutions
  4. 4.Promotion of International Activities Related to Advanced Science and Technology
  5. 5.Cooperation with Other Countries

Section 4 Pursuing Effective STI Policies and Enhancing the Chief Controller Function

  1. 1.Following up the Basic Plan
  2. 2.National Guideline on the Method of Evaluation for Government R&D
  3. 3.Promoting Policies Supported by Objective Evidence
  4. 4.Strengthening the Leadership Functions of the CSTI

Section 5 Ensuring R&D Investment for the Future

Scientific and Technological Achievements Which Contribute to Daily Life


Planning and Evaluation Division Science and Technology Policy Bureau

(Planning and Evaluation Division Science and Technology Policy Bureau)