Universities train advanced professionals with high-level knowledge and skills based on social needs such as the employment fields of various industries. For example, the medical faculty is working to address the shortage of physicians by increasing their enrollments and training outstanding doctors who want to work in local communities.

 Professional graduate schools aim to provide new graduate programs (professional degrees) that specialize in fostering high-level professionals to take leadership roles in all fields of society, as well as active international roles. Graduate law schools, which are institutionalized as the core of the new system to nurture legal professionals, and schools in such fields as business and MOT (Management of Technology) have been established. In FY2008, graduate schools of education were established to provide more practical teacher training at the grad school level. It is hoped that they will become models for teacher training at the undergraduate and graduate level.

 Colleges of technology are institutions of higher education that provide specialized education emphasizing consistent experimentation and practical training over five years. These colleges foster practical and creative technicians who represent the backbone of manufacturing.

(Technical Education Division, Higher Education Bureau)