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Concerning the incorporation of public universities, on 16 July 2003, the "Local Independent Administrative Institutions Law," which stipulated provisions on local independent administrative institutions and public university corporations as a type of local independent administrative institution, was promulgated. Based on this, it will become possible from April 2004 for public universities to be incorporated based on the judgment of the local governments that establish them. The law includes an exception for public university corporations, modeled on the system design of the national university corporation and based on the special characteristics of university education and research, as well as a flexible system giving discretion to respond to the conditions in each region concerning specific organization and management of the corporations.
The public university corporation system, in the same way as national university incorporation, aims to build appealing universities rich in individuality that actively make efforts to carry out outstanding education and distinctive research that meets the demands of local communities in a more autonomous environment by introducing private sector management methods.
Furthermore, this system, as shown below, introduces a new mechanism that was not in public universities previously, and grants wide-ranging discretion to the universities by removing various management restrictions that resulted from public universities being a part of the administrative organization.
In addition, the following advantages of incorporation with respect to management of education and research can be cited:
In this way, the "public university corporation" system can be considered an effective option to carry out reform by local governments of public universities in response to actual conditions in the region, and further develop public universities as higher education institutions that fully utilize the distinctive qualities of their regions through education, research and contributions to the community by public universities.
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