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In recent years there has been growing interest in the evaluation of the scientific research conducted in universities and national research institutions. Improving evaluation systems has become more important than ever before because:
The evaluation of scientific research should not be discussed solely in terms of social factors, however, since it also has important aspects deriving from the characteristics inherent in scientific research itself. First, because scientific research is driven by the free ideas of researchers, it is characterized by extreme variety in objectives, nature, scale, and methods. Second, in many cases, research results can lead to unexpected progress many years in the future. Because of this, the evaluation of scientific research must not be approached from a uniform, short-term perspective based on expectations of immediate gains, but rather from the standpoint of providing stimulation, advice, and encouragement for research activities.
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