a. The University of Tokyo

The University of Tokyo, as we have seen, was Japan's firs tmodern establishment of this kind. It was founded on April 12, 1877, through merging Tokyo Kaisei Gakko, which became the Faculties of Law, Science and Literature, and Tokyo Medical School, which became the Faculty of Medicine; however, until 1881 the latter was administered separately. Finally, on June 15, 1881, Kato Hiroyuki, previous President overseeing the Faculties of Law, Science and Literature, was appointed the first President to oversee the overall operations of the whole University under the direction of the Secretary of Education. Deans were appointed to administer the affairs of each of the Faculties under the direction of the President. The preparatory course for the Faculty of Medicine was also eventually integrated into the Preparatory School for the Faculties of Law, Science and Literature. The various Faculties were brought together by the joint move to the Hongo section of Tokyo in 1884.

Following the Meiji Restoration, the introduction of Western culture and education had, to a great extent, been left in the hands of foreign instructors, but during this period many Japanese students began to return from their studies abroad and thus the number of Japanese appointed as professors and assistant professors showed a substantial increase.

In the beginning, the Faculty of Literature offered a course in Japanese and Chinese literature. In 1882, however, a separate lecture for Japanese and Chinese classics was instituted and in the following year another lecture was set up for Chinese classics. These were significant as a reflection of the trend in post-Restoration thought.

Postgraduate Courses for Bachelors (Gakushi Kenkyuka) in the Faculties of Law, Science and Literature were established in 1880. These formed the basis of what would in the future become the Graduate School of the Imperial University. In 1881, a Board of Inquiry (Shijunkai) was set up as an instrument of jurisdiction over the University. It was composed of general and faculty level committees. These bodies on two levels were the forerunners of the University Council (Hyogikai) and the faculty meetings (kyojukai) respectively. In 1884 the Law School of the Department of Justice was transferred to the Department of Education and renamed Tokyo Law School. In September, 1885, it was merged with the Faculty of Law of the University of Tokyo. In December of that year, with the transfer of the politics course of the Faculty of Literature to the Faculty of Law, the latter Faculty was changed to the Faculty of Law and Politics. At the same time, the courses in engineering of the Faculty of Science were separated unto a new Faculty of Technology. Against this background of change, the University of Tokyo was ready for its reorganization in 1886 as the Imperial University.


(C)COPYRIGHT Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology

((C)COPYRIGHT Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology)

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