Japan contributes to the promotion of sciences for the sustainable development targeted mainly at the Asia-Pacific region. We collaborate with the UNESCO Asia-Pacific Regional Bureau for Science in Jakarta and the UNESCO/IOC Sub-Commission for Western Pacific in Bangkok.
In addition, Japan contributes to the field of Natural Sciences not only through experts’ participation and cooperation in various projects and meetings but also through Japanese Funds-in-Trust.
Through collaborations with the relevant government ministries and agencies, such as the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, the Japan Metrological Agency, the Japan Coast Guard, universities like Ocean Research Institute at the University of Tokyo, Japan actively cooperates in the following projects and meetings.
-Oceanography of East Asia, South-East Asia and the Pacific Asia, such
as Physical Oceanographic and Marine Biology including the International tsunami
Information System (ITSU), implemented by IOC-WESTPAC.
-Observations in Northern-East Asia for GOOS (Global Ocean Observing System) NEAR－GOOS (Northern-East Asia Regional GOOS)
-Observations in South-East Asia for GOOS (SEAGOOS：South-East Asian GOOS)
The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology implements training and projects through voluntary contributions to UNESCO, namely Japanese Funds-in-Trust for IOC-WESTPAC. (*JFIT Provided 45,000 US dollars in the fiscal year 2006.)
Furthermore, the Japanese National Commission for UNESCO has established the IOC Working Group under the Natural Sciences Committee. The IOC Working Group compromised of specialists and experts, deliberate on the oceanography of Japan to cooperate with the IOC and deals with IOC General Conference and Executive Committees.
Japan cooperates with the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, universities and research institutions to promote human development in the field of Hydrological Sciences initiated by the UNESCO Water Science Section under IHP (International Hydrographical Programme) and implement a training course in information exchange and WWAP (World Water Assessment Programme).
In addition, the Japanese National Commission holds IHP Working Group meetings to deliberate on Japanese cooperation and hear the opinions of specialists and experts.
＜IHP website: http://typo38.unesco.org/index.php?id=240＞
International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management under the auspices of UNESCO
By a resolution of the 33rd General Conference in 2005, ICHARM was established in Tsukuba city, Ibaragi Prefecture in March 2006. Dr. Kuniyoshi Takeuchi became the first Director of ICHARM.
The mission of ICHARM is to function as a Centre of Excellence to provide and assist implementation of the best practical strategies for localities, nations, regions, and the globe to manage the risk of water related disasters, such as floods, landslides, Tsunamis, flood-tides and so on.
<ICHARM website: http://www.icharm.pwri.go.jp/index.html>
MAB was launched in early 1970s to target the ecological, social and economic dimensions of biodiversity loss and reduce this loss. MAB promotes an interdisciplinary research agenda and capacity-building, aimed at improving the relationship of people with their environment globally by developing the basics of Natural Sciences and Social Sciences. Together with the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, MAB acts as a vehicle for knowledge-sharing, research and monitoring, education and training, and participatory decision-making. Japan cooperates in basic research, surveys, and training programmes in eco-system management in East Asia and South-East Asia.
The Japanese National Commission for UNESCO has set up the MAB Working Group under the Natural Science Committee to deliberate on Japanese cooperation for MAB and hear the opinions of experts and specialists.
The UNESCO International Post-Graduate University Course, which was started in 1965, was reorganized as the Network-building for Human Resources Development Programme in 2005. There are 2 courses under the programme, the Water Resource Management and the Environment course at Tokyo Institute of Technology and the Bio-technology course at Osaka University, both of which receive trainees mainly from the Asia-Pacific region.
UNESCO/Japanese Funds-in-Trust for the Promotion of Scientific Programme for Sustainable Development contributes to workshops and training related to IHP, MAB and programmes for capacity-building in the fields of science and technology policy.
Japan participates and cooperates in the International Bioethics Committee, an advisory body to UNESCO, established in 1993 to investigate the influence of the development of Biology and Genetics to the society from ethical perspective.
In December 2005, “The Twelfth session of the International Bioethics Committee” was held in Japan, hosted by UNESCO and the Japanese government. This session was the first to be held in Asia and discussed about the current problems and issues related to Bio-ethics and issues to implement the Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights from Asian perspectives.
Established by the 32nd General Conference in 1997, COMEST advices UNESCO on it programmes related to ethics and scientific knowledge and technology, acts as an intellectual forum for exchanges of ideas and experiences, and promotes dialogues between scientific communities, decision-makers and the public at large. Japan contributes to COMEST through the participation of Japanese experts.
The International Convention against Doping in Sport was ratified in 2005 at the 33rd UNESCO General Conference. Please visit the UNESCO website for details about the convention.
©UNESCO/Fathia Ibrahim Al-Gabandy
Japan was actively engaged discussions leading up to ratifying the convention by sending experts to related conferences and ministerial round-table conferences. Japan cooperates with anti-doping activities at both the national and global level as a permanent member of WADA (World Anti-Doping Agency). The Japan Anti-Doping Agency was established in Japan to cooperate further with WADA and to promote Anti-Doping activities both at home and abroad.
＜Japan Anti-Doping Agency：http://www.anti-doping.or.jp/＞