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The Second Basic Plan for the Promotion of Education

The Second Basic Plan for the Promotion of Education was adopted upon Cabinet decision on 14 June, 2013.
-As just education helps to avoid various crises, the Second Plan outlines the details of this scenario.

*The Basic Plan for the Promotion of Education is a plan drawn up based on Article 17 Clause 1 of the Basic Act on Education which defines the comprehensive and systematic implementation of educational policy. Article 17 Clause 2 defines for local governments to draw up plans in line with national policy.

<Four basic policy directions to avoid crises, and examples of basic policies>

1.Developing social competencies for survival – individual autonomy and collaboration in a diversified and rapidly changing society

-Promote policies aimed at nurturing top-class level in academics and normative consciousness (continual implementation of surveys on national academic levels and study conditions, review to include moral education in Courses of Study, promotion to increase weekend Saturday classes, review of Japan’s 6-3-3-4 education system)
-Promote university reform to increase student’s overall study hours.
-Examine the fundamental reform of university entrance standards including the practical use of curriculum achievement tests in high school.
-Promote policies to increase adult entrance into universities and or other educational institutions.

2.Developing human resources for a brighter future – fostering individuals who create change and new values, and who lead in each field of society

-Consider the inclusion of English in Courses of Study from elementary school.
-Establish “super global high schools” to nurture students who are internationally well-grounded.
-Establish a new structure involving collaboration between government and private sectors to increase the number of Japanese studying overseas.

3. Establishing learning safety nets –a wide range of learning opportunities accessible to everyone

-Promote measures to eliminate paid early childhood education.
-Review measures to reduce high school education costs, and consider scholarship benefits for low-income families.
-Complete building earthquake resistant structures for all national and public school facilities by FY2015.

4.Establishing vibrant communities based on strong bonds society which encourages nurturing people who then build society in a virtuous cycle

-Strengthen coordination and collaboration between schools and the community for all school districts.
-Expand the number of “community schools” up to 10 percent of all public elementary and junior high schools.

The Second Plan is comprised of three sections:

First Section:

Four basic policy directions to build a lifelong-learning society based on autonomy, collaboration and creation (refer to the above 4 examples).

Second Section:

Eight performance indices based on the four basic policy directions aimed at realizing a PDCA Cycle (Plan-Do-Check-Act Cycle), Thirty basic policies to determine the performance and realization of the eight performance indices.

Third Section:

Necessity of accurately disseminating information to comprehensively and systematically promote the various policies and recognizing and reflecting the nation’s opinion to check and review the plan’s state of progress. 

*Please refer to the following for the contents and summary of the Second Basic Plan for the Promotion of Education (only in Japanese)
http://www.mext.go.jp/a_menu/keikaku/detail/1336379.htm

-A description on the Second Plan for the Promotion of Education is available via document: “Basic Policy for the Management and Reform of Economics and Finance” (15 pages) dated 14, June 2013. Elements of the Second Plan in Japan’s growth strategy are available via document: “Japan Revitalization Strategy-Japan is Back” also dated 14, June 2013.

Basic Policy for the Management and Reform:
http://www5.cao.go.jp/keizai1/2013/20130614summary_02.pdf
Japan Revitalization Strategy:
http://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/singi/keizaisaisei/pdf/en_saikou_jpn.pdf

 

(Lifelong Learning Policy Bureau, Policy Planning and Coordination Division)

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