・World Premier International Research Center Initiative （WPI）
Launched in 2007, the initiative designates 9 centers to create open research platforms that attract world’s brains, where the primary working language is English.
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・Strategic Young Researcher Overseas Visits Program for Accelerating Brain Circulation
This program works to foster excellent young Japanese researchers who will become the nucleus of scientific networks that transcend conventional brain gain and drain in circulating talent internationally. It does this by supporting activities carried out by Japanese universities to dispatched, as part of a strategy to internationalize their research organizations, young researchers engaged in world-level international joint research, expanding their opportunities to challenge diverse issues.
（As a rule, research dispatches are for one year or longer.）
Joint Research Projects and Seminars
JSPS provides financial support to Japanese researchers to carry out bilateral joint projects and seminars to build enduring networks under the following two program formats.
― Joint Research Projects and Seminars in cooperation with overseas counterpart agencies that have bilateral agreements with JSPS
― Open Partnership Joint Projects and Seminars with all countries
Based on bilateral agreements with overseas counterpart agencies, JSPS provides financial support to the Japanese researchers visiting other countries to carry out research or hold discussions.
・JSPS―NSF International Collaborations in Chemistry （ICC）
This ICC Program is carried out in cooperation with the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the US. Through international joint research projects between Japan and the US, the program seeks to break new ground in yet-uncultivated domains of chemistry by achieving new levels and dimensions of research synergy.
・JSPS-NSF Cooperative Program for Interdisciplinary Joint Research Projects in Hazards and Disasters（Japanese site only. English site will be opened soon）
JSPS carries out this cross-disciplinary program between Japan and the US in cooperation with NSF. It works to advance an understanding on a range of hazard/disaster-related aspects including the fundamental processes that generate natural and technological disasters as well as the causes, interdependences, impacts, and cumulative societal effects of such disasters. The program also seeks to improve disaster prediction, damage mitigation, and response and recovery capabilities.
・JSPS-NSF Partnerships for International Research and Education （PIRE）
This PIRE Program is carried out in cooperation with the National Science Foundation （NSF） in the US. The program implements joint research projects on issues difficult to solve by one country alone. In carrying out the joint projects, a synergistic effect is sought by such means as sharing resources and research facilities.
・G8 Research Councils Initiative
Under the G8 Research Councils Initiative, multilateral joint research is carried out with support by seven of the G8 countries. The program funds a wide spectrum of international joint projects in which excellent researchers, jointly recruited from universities and institutes in the participating countries, collaborate within a highly synergistic framework.
A. Advanced Research Networks
To create top world-class research centers in leading-edge fields, JSPS supports a wide spectrum of activities, including joint research projects and seminars, carried out based on sustainable partnership with research institutions around the world, while providing cutting-edge platforms for fostering young researchers.
B. Asia-Africa Science Platforms
To help solve problems prevailing in developing regions of Asia and Africa, Japanese universities and research institutions take the lead in building research centers in those counterpart countries and in fostering indigenous researchers.
・A3 Foresight Program
Along with JSPS, partner funding agencies in China and Korea jointly recruit, select and support trilateral projects to develop top world-class research hubs in East Asia.
・Postdoctoral Fellowships for Research Abroad
To foster highly capable researchers with wide international perspectives, this fellowship gives excellent young Japanese researchers an opportunity to carry out long-term research at an overseas university or research institution.
（Tenure : 2 years）
・Japanese-German Graduate Externship
Mutual graduate curricula are established by collaborating Japanese and German universities, and doctoral students, young researchers including postdocs, and teaching professionals are exchanged between them. In both countries, the doctoral students receive guidance with their research and in preparing their dissertations.
・Frontiers of Science （FoS） Symposium
These bilateral symposia are held between Japan and the US, Germany and France. Each assembles 30-40 young researchers from the respective countries, who lodge together for three days. The participants are offered an unusual opportunity to engage in cross-disciplinary discussions on cutting-edge scientific topics.
・Travel Grant for Attending Lindau Meetings
At Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings, Nobel laureates give lectures to and hold discussions with young researchers from around the world. JSPS nominates Japanese candidates to the Lindau Council.
・HOPE Meetings with Nobel Laureates
These meetings give opportunities for excellent doctoral students and young researchers selected from countries/areas in the Asia -Pacific and African region to engage in interdisciplinary discussions with Nobel Laureates and other distinguished scientists.
・Strategic International Research Cooperative Program （SICP） /Strategic International Collaborative Research Program （SICORP）
JST supports international research exchanges and joint research with specific countries in the specific fields of cooperation designated by MEXT on the basis of intergovernmental agreements. JST supports researchers in Japan and the counterpart agency/ministry supports researchers in the counterpart country.
・Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development （SATREPS）
SATREPS is a JST and JICA program for research projects targeting global issues with an objective of future utilization of research outcomes, and involving partnerships between researchers in Japan and developing countries in coordination with ODA.
RIKEN is Japan's largest comprehensive research institution renowned for high-quality research in a diverse range of scientific disciplines. Founded in 1917 as a private research foundation in Tokyo, RIKEN has grown rapidly in size and scope, today encompassing a network of world-class research centers and institutes across Japan.
・Global Research Cluster
The Global Research Cluster brings together projects in diverse disciplines—ranging from astrophysics to chemical biology—which are based primarily on collaborations with universities, industry, and research institutes outside RIKEN.
NIMS is engaged in pioneering research of materials for the future in line with our theme “materials research for creating tomorrow”.
・Academic Collaborative Center
NIMS enhances research collaboration by Academic Collaborative Centers for scientific exchange and research activities with public institutions and universities under special agreement.
NIED aims to protect people's lives and properties from natural disasters and to prepare society to be resilient to natural disasters, through research on disasters caused by earthquakes, volcanoes, floods, landslides, meteorological changes, snow and ice damages.
NIED has set "International contribution through R&D on disaster prevention" as one of its basic policies, and not only collaborates with overseas organizations but also cooperates with developing countries.
NIRS, as Japan's only institute dedicated to comprehensive research and development of radiation and health, conducts studies on heavy ion radiation therapy, molecular imaging, radiation protection and emergency medicine, etc. and provides education and training in these fields.
・Research Cooperation and Exchange of Personnel
NIRS is promoting cooperation and collaboration with other institutions at home and overseas to efficiently enhance our R & D activities and human resource development in radiological sciences. As part of such efforts, NIRS has memoranda with institutions in 18 countries and 1 region as of September 2013, fostering a vibrant R & D environment through active human exchanges.
JAXA, established in 2003, performs research and development in the aerospace field to contribute to solving various domestic and international issues. According to the Basic Plan on Space Policy, JAXA is defined as a core implementing agency to support with its technology the government’s development and utilization of space.
Working to investigate the ocean and the Earth with world-class technology and facilities.
The Japan Atomic Energy Agency （JAEA） was established in 2005 as the sole research institute in Japan dedicated to comprehensive research and development in the field of nuclear energy.
・Advanced Science Research Center（ASRC）
The Reimei Research Program is set out with an aim to cultivate forefront and frontier researches in the diverse fields of atomic energy and its related sciences throughout the world, and to promote research collaboration with ASRC.