MEXT and the Ministry of Health Labor and Welfare (MHLW) have conducted a joint investigation on the number of new graduates (who graduated university and or other educational institutions in March 2013) who are entering employment as of April 1, 2013.

Summary of the Percentage of New Graduates entering Employment

The percentage of university graduates in the undergraduate program entering employment was 93.9% (0.3 point increase from the previous year), 94.7% for junior colleges (5.2 point increase), resulting in an overall average of 94.3% for universities, junior colleges and colleges of technology (0.7 point increase). Furthermore, the average overall percentage when including students graduating from specialized courses at specialized training colleges was 94.3% (0.8 point increase).

MEXT, in cooperation with MHLW, and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) has implemented intensive assistance measures for students who had not received official employment offers. As a result of these measures carried out between January and March 2013, around 41,000 students (out of which around 17,000 are university students) were able to receive official employment offers. This program will be carried out until the end of June, in order to continue helping students find employment even after they graduate.

(jointly announced by the MHLW)

1. Contents of Survey

1) Subject of Survey

Selected by MEXT and MHLW upon consideration of the educational establishments and regions

National University


Public University


Private University


Junior College


College of Technology


Specialized Training College



112 schools

2) Number of Students subject to Survey   6,250 students

University, Junior College, College of Technology (※)

5,690 students

Specialized Training College

560 students

(※) in relation to population factors, junior colleges only include female students, and colleges of technology only include male students.

3) Survey Methods and Contents

After selecting the students designated to be subject to the survey at each university and other educational establishments, the study was carried out by either telephone or one-on-one interviews, asking questions on the subject’s gender, employment requests, situation on receiving an official employment offer and so on.

4) Date of Survey and Announcement by MEXT

Date of Survey

Date of Announcement

October 1, 2012

November 27, 2012

December 1, 2012

January 18, 2013

February 1, 2013

March 15, 2013

April 1, 2013

May 17, 2013

2. Highlights of Survey Results

-The percentage of students at universities, junior colleges and specialized training colleges (specialized courses) entering employment was higher compared to the previous year (colleges of technology maintained a percentage of 100.0%, the same as the previous year).
-The overall percentage of university students entering employment was 93.9% (0.3 point increase from the previous year), out of which the percentage of students entering employment at national and public universities was 95.3% (0.1 point decrease), and 93.4% at private universities (0.5 point increase).
-The percentage of students at junior colleges entering employment was 94.7% (increase of 5.2 points)
-The percentage of students at both colleges of technology and specialized training colleges entering employment was 100.0% (same as last year), and 94.1% (0.9 point increase) respectively.

(reference: estimated value)

-The ratio of university graduates entering employment to all graduates (※) (66.0%)
-(※) All graduates includes students: hoping to start employment, continue on studying, starting their own business, and or becoming homemakers.

<Summary of Percentages per Male and Female Students>

-The percentage of male university students entering employment was 93.2% (1.3 point decrease compared to the previous year), 94.7% for female students (2.1 point increase). For national and public universities, the respective percentages were: 94.5% for males, 96.0% for females. For private universities the percentages were: 92.8% for males and 94.2% for females.

<Summary of Percentages per Humanities and Science Departments> (※limited to universities)

-The percentage of students in the humanities department entering employment was 93.4% (0.1 point increase compared to the previous year), and 96.2% for the sciences department (1.6 point increase).

<Summary of Percentages per Region> (※limited to universities)

-The Kanto region had the highest percentage of students entering employment at 95.8%.


Higher Education Bureau, Student Support and Exchange Division

(Higher Education Bureau, Student Support and Exchange Division)