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文部科学省国立研究開発法人審議会(第2回)における主な指摘事項について(英文)

National Research and Development Agency Council of Ministry of Education,Culture,Sports,Science and Technology(MEXT)Main comments to be reviewed

August21,2015

National Research and Development Agency Council

In addition to the comments described in the evaluation form of each agency, the main common points to be reviewed for the National Research and Development Agency are as follows.

1. Regarding the evaluation of the National Research and Development Agency

  • As far as the maximization of R&D achievements is concerned, each agency should aim at further embodiment and clarification to realize maximization of R&D achievements by taking the characteristics of an agency’s own projects into consideration. Under this condition, the council should deepen the study of the evaluation and the way of establishing objectives for the National Research and Development Agency.
  • Even for R&D with high risk where it is difficult to anticipate a certain level of achievement within a short‐term period, an appropriate evaluation for such a given agency should be made in accordance with its own traits. It is advised that such an evaluation should not retard challenging and long‐term R&D.
  • Unexpected R&D achievements irrelevant from the original objective may be made. Although it is difficult to evaluate such achievements under the condition of the current objective‐oriented evaluation methods, such achievements should be proactively highly evaluated as well.
  • Regarding R&D being conducted collaboratively by multiple agencies, even in case some issues may arise as a whole joint project while an agency itself has been making an achievement, further consideration about an appropriate evaluation method is required.
  • As far as self‐evaluation is concerned, the range of self‐evaluation should be expanded to issues and their responses relating to an agency’s R&D as well as a result of self‐evaluation. The reasons for a rating should be understandable and explicit. In addition, further ingenuity to deepen discussions is required.
  • In order to promote seamless R&D, it is desired that researchers should be motivated to match their objectives and research orientation to a given agency.
  • Whether “a management team” headed by such an agency’s chief director functions effectively through the nurture of each other’s skill or not is important. Such a director is required to manage the whole organization through the utilization of their “management team” without relying on his/her own management capability.
  • An anonymous written interview (upward feedback) targeted at the managers at the National Research and Development Agency was conducted. This written interview was about asking them how they evaluated the chief director’s leadership and management competency. As a result of conducting a feedback against the director, a positive response was also received, whose comment was that it was meaningful.

2. Regarding the management of the National Research and Development Agency system toward the promotion of R&D

  • The National Research and Development Agency conducts R&D by utilizing society’s needs and university seeds, therefore it is considered that research seamlessly develops from basic to applied. As a result, a wide range of partnership between the National Research and Development Agency, universities, and companies should be proactively promoted.
  • As far as the National Research and Development Agency is concerned, the proportion of fixed expenses for maintenance management is usually high. Considering this, if subsidies for operating expenses were reduced uniformly, the fact that this may affect R&D projects should be taken into account.
  • Since the accounting standard for the National Research and Development Agency is principally project‐achievement‐oriented, flexible management should be considered based on the traits of the R&D that the agency conducts.
  • As far as the nation’s policy realization and the improvement of science and technology’s standards are concerned, what kinds of roles the National Research and Development Agency takes on should be sufficiently considered.

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