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JAPANESE GOVERNMENT POLICIES IN EDUCATION,SCIENCE AND CULTURE1991

FOREWORD
Information of The Publication
PART 1 SPORTS AND HEALTH
PART 1 A Promotion of Physical Education and Sports
Chapter 1 Promotion of Physical Education and Sports
1 Significance of Promoting Physical Education and Sports
2 Physical Education and Sports in a Changing Society
3 Promotion of Physical Education and Sports - A Brief History
4 Systems for the Promotion of Physical Education and Sports
Chapter 2 Development of Policies for Promoting Physical Education and Sports
1 Policy for Promoting Physical Education and Sports towards the 21st Century
2 Enrichment and Development of Facilities for Physical Education and Sports
3 The Promotion of "Sports-for-All"
4 Promotion of Competitive Sports
5 Physical Education and Sports for Youth
6 Contribution of Sports to International Exchange
PART 1 B ENRICHMENT OF HEALTH EDUCATION
Chapter 1 Enrichment of Health Education
1 Significance of Health Education
2 Recent Social Changes and the Need for Health Education
3 Post-War Health Education - A Brief History
Chapter 2 Development of Policies for Enrichment of Health Education
1 Promotion of Mental and Physical Health Education
2 Enrichment of School Health
3 Improving School Safety
4 Enriching School Lunch Programs
PART 2 Recent Trends and Developments in Government Policies in Education, Science and Culture
Chapter 1 Implementation of Educational Reform
1 Educational Reform for the 21st Century
2 Progress of Educational Reform
(1) Efforts for Educational Reform
(2) Implementation of Recommendations from the National Council on Educational Reform
(3) Implementation of the Central Council's Recommendations
3 Activation of Local Educational Administration
(1) Activation of Boards of Education
(2) Promotion of Lifelong Planning for Teachers and Other School Employees
Chapter 2 Promotion of Lifelong Learning
1 Outline of Policies
2 Report of the Lifelong Learning Council
3 Development of Infrastructures for Lifelong Learning
(1) Development of Structures to Promote Lifelong Learning
(2) Lifelong Learning Festivals
(3) Lifelong Learning and the 5-Day School Week
(4) Evaluation of Lifelong Learning Achievements
(5) Strengthening the System for Providing Learning Resource Information and Study Counseling
(6) Promoting Liaison and Cooperation among Lifelong Learning Facilities
(7) Promoting Transformation of Educational and Cultural Facilities into "Intelligent Facilities"
4 Lifelong Learning and Institutions of Formal Education
(1) Lifelong Learning and the Role of Institutions of Formal Education
(2) New Types of Educational Institutions
(3) Diversification of the Ways of Access to Formal Education
(4) Strengthening Mutual Cooperation among Different Educational Institutions
(5) Making School Functions and Facilities Open to the Community
5 Lifelong Learning and Activities in the Fields of Social Education, Culture and Sports
(1) Demands far More Diversified and Advanced Learning
(2) New Development in Social Education and Culture and Sports Activities
Chapter 3 Improvement and Enrichment of Elementary and Secondary Education
1 Outline of Policies
2 Improvement of Content and Methods of Teaching/Improvements in Curriculum and Teaching Methods
3 Enrichment of Moral Education
4 Enrichment of Student Guidance and Career Guidance
5 Reforms in Upper Secondary School Education
6 Promotion of Kindergarten Education
7 Promotion of Special Education
8 Promotion of Education for Eliminating Social Discrimination
9 Improvement of the Textbook System
10 Improvements in Various Educational Conditions
11 Improvement of the Quality and Capabilities of Teachers
Chapter 4 Improvement and Enrichment of Higher Education
1 Outline of Policies
2 Promotion of the Reform of Higher Education
(1) Diversified Development in Higher Education
(2) Strengthening the Educational and Research Functions of Institutions of Higher Education
(3) Coping With a Lifelong Learning Society
3 Improvement and Enhancement of Institutions of Higher Education
4 Improvement of Procedures for the Selection of Entrants
5 Expansion of Student Aid Programs
Chapter 5 Promotion of Private Educational Institutions
1 Outline of Policies
2 Government Financial Aid to Private Educational Institutions
(1) Financial Aid to Private Universities, etc.
(2) Financial Aid to Private Upper Secondary Schools
(3) Financial Aid to Private Special Training Schools
(4) Loan Programs of the Japan Private School Promotion Foundation
(5) Taxation System for Private Schools
(6) Educational Institutions in Foreign Countries Established by Japanese School Corporations
Chapter 6 Promotion of Scientific Research
1 Outline of Policies
2 Enrichment of Research Funding
3 Training and Securing of Young Researchers
4 Scientific Research Systems
5 Promotion of Systems for Gathering and Distributing Scientific Information
6 Promotion of Important Basic Research
7 Promotion of University-Industry Research Cooperation
8 Promotion of International Scientific Exchange
Chapter 7 Promotion of "Social Education"
1 Outline of Policies
2 Enrichment of Youth Education
(1) The Necessity of Out-of-School Activities for Youth
(2) Compiling the Results of Discussions and Other Activities Regarding Out-of-School Activities for Youth
(3) Policies for Enrichment of Out-of-School Activities for Youth
3 Enrichment of Family Education
4 Provision of Diverse Learning Opportunities
(1) Learning Activities of Adults
(2) Learning Activities of Women
(3) Learning Activities of the Aged
5 Development of Infrastructures for "Social Education"
6 Utilization of "Education Media"
Chapter 8 Promotion of Culture
1 Outline of Policies
2 Assistance through the Japan Arts Fund
3 Encouragement of Creative Artistic Activities
4 Promotion of Local Cultural Activities
5 Policies Concerning the Japanese Language, Copyright and Religious Affairs
(1) Enhancement of Policies on the Japanese Language
(2) Development of the Copyright System
(3) Religious Corporations and Government Services Related to Religions
6 Inheritance and Preservation of Traditional Culture
7 Development of Cultural Facilities
Chapter 9 Internationalization of Education, Culture and Sports
1 Outline of Policies
2 Development of Japanese Citizens Living in the International Community
3 International Exchange and Cooperation in the Fields of Education, Culture and Sports
4 Promotion of Student Exchange
5 Promotion of the Teaching of the Japanese Language to Foreigners
6 Enrichment of Educational Programs for Japanese Children Staying Overseas, as well as for Those Who Have Returned Home after Long Stays Overseas
Chapter 10 Information Oriented Society and the Role of Education
1 Outline of Policies
2 Development of Information Literacy
3 Utilization of New Information Media
4 Training of Information Engineers
5 Creating Information-Oriented Facilities for Education, Science and Culture and the Development of Information Networks
CHART INDEX
Chart 1 Reasons for Participating in Sports (General working population)
Table 1 Shlft in the Population Participating in Sports (estimate)
Chart 2 Organization of Japan's Amateur Sports World
Table 2 Situation of Holding Sports Classes
Table 3 Situation of Holding Sports Events
Chart 3 Present Concerns of Managers of Sports Facilities
Chart 4 Present Corporations' Support for Sports
Chart 5 Medals Won at the Olympics and Athletic Events
Chart 6 Public Interest in International Athletic Events (General Working Public)
Chart 7 Public Interest in Professinal Sports (General Working Public)
Chart 8 Frequency of Participating in Sports in a One-Year Period
Chart 9 Reasons for Participating in Sports (Lower and Upper Secondary School Students)
Table 4 National Averages in Height, Weight, Chest Circumference and Seating Height According to Age
Chart 10-1 Changes in Height for Girls and Boys
Chart 10-2 Changes in Weight for Girls and Boys
Chart 11 Accidents Occurring at Schools
Chart 12 Persons Participating in the Mutual Aid System for Disasters and Accidents (fiscal year 1991)
Table 5 Percent of School Lunches Served (Percent of school children being served)
Table 6 Frequency of Serving Rice Meals (as of May 1991)
Table 7 Number of Schools With Lunchrooms
ANNEX
36. A Chronological Table on Government Policies in Education Science and Culture (September 1991 - August 1992)
About the cover design

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